Soaring in mountain wave is magic. A sailplane flies forward while ascending rapidly, smoothly, silently and possibly to very high altitudes. (For the technically inclined more info is here.)
I wrote mountain wave into my novel Downfall Tide without having experienced it until very recently. That was at SoaringNV in Minden, Nevada. Because of wave and strong soaring conditions generally Minden is one of the premier soaring sites in the world. Still I was lucky to be there when there was wave.
21,200′ high in a Duo Discus sailplane – with instructor Elizabeth Tattersall.
Lake Tahoe off the left wing
The atmospheric conditions that produce wave often produce lenticular clouds, which are peculiarly lens- or pancake-shaped:
Lennies in Carson City the night before.
YesterdayI was flying back from Washington DC and having much less tolerance than usual for being cooped up in an airliner. Meanwhile we were vectored so far around storms in the Northeast that it was necessary to land in Little Rock for more fuel! I heartily commend the caution that gives storms a wide berth, but Lord, I was glad to get out of that jet in Houston. Then I couldn’t find the baggage carousel to pick up my bag, until I realized that the carousel’s electronic signage said Continental Flight 1757 from *Little Rock.* Oh.
Aviation is full of aphorisms and acronyms meant to nudge busy brains in the right direction, and most of these are applicable to other activities in life. “Know Before You Go” is a good rule for flying and driving too: it’s always best to study the driving directions to your destination before wandering around on strange streets, and that goes double if your route takes you within a turn or two of a bad part of town. The acronym HALT is another good thing to keep in mind generally. If you’re Hungry (or deHydrated), Agitated, iLL, or Tired, don’t go flying. Don’t fly into an argument with a loved one either. Fix HALT problems first.
Yesterday I heard an aviation aphorism that isn’t generally applicable. “Eat the carrot.” Say what? Well, a windsock is usually a long orange cone. The pointy end points the way the wind is blowing. When you take off or land you should roll into the wind with the pointy end of the local wind sock pointing at you as you roll by. And everybody eats carrots starting with the tender tip. So always make sure to eat the carrot. It’s silly, easy to remember, and a hell of a lot better than inadvertently making a downwind takeoff or landing and wrecking the aircraft-!
When John Cross of jCross Photography recently did PR pictures for me, he had this idea about posing a woman in a flight suit with his Cessna 170. I said sure why not. Out of the drawer came said flight suit. He snapped pictures with great glee. In my experience, there’s never a dull moment around pilots!
On Sunday I chatted with a friend who’s both an aviator and an oil industry insider. He reminded me that most aviation accidents are ultimately ascribed to pilot error. He’s sure that’s what happened with the BP oil spill. Not equipment or procedure failure initially, but executive error. Somebody in a key position made a bad decision. A mile underwater is a more hostile environment than the pilot’s sky; the challenge of drilling for deep sea oil is more comparable to exploring space. Bad decisions can be catastrophic. This one sure was.
The complete picture on oil spill is hard to piece together. One of the elements in the picture is that BP is a commercial company. This was mentioned on NPR yesterday. If the press asks a question such that the true answer might send BP’s stock down, the reply is “Next question.” Not like NASA, owned by the citizens of the USA and operated transparently. It occurs to me that in commercial space operations – now envisioned as the future of American space flight to low earth orbit – the same rule may apply. That will be a jolt to the system of the space-interested public. Something goes wrong (or even right), the press asks an astute question, the answer is “Next question.”
Another difference between BP (and possibly commercial space ops) and NASA: how the latter does contingency planning. NASA plans for things to go right, wrong, and every which way in between. Not so BP. It seems clear from the coverage in the media, especially the Houston Chronicle (which, serving the energy capital of the world, has had coverage in quantity and depth), that BP was not interested thorough and rigorous contingency planning. Too expensive. NASA’s managers, over half a century and through spectacularly tragic accidents, learned the hard way to plan contingencies. BP’s executives, through a rather sordid history of fatal plant accidents, oil rig disasters, and regulatory penalties, seem not to have learned the lesson. This time the consequences hit home. I’m anxiously interested to see how commercial space decision-makers fare between the hard anvil of the unforgiving space environment and the relentless hammer of the necessity to turn a profit.
Needing some new publicity photos and mug shots, I went to see John Cross of jCross Photography. He does portraits and airplane/aerial photography. He enjoys combining these missions, which is fine by me! Here’s one of the resulting photos – me with John’s Cessna 170. By the way, the engine was verified to be turned off . With some small airplanes, a stationary propeller can turn into a rapidly moving and deadly one just by moving the prop. When I meet an airplane parked on a ramp or in a hangar I won’t touch the propeller, and you shouldn’t either.
The news media are full of reports of how British Petroleum ran its deep sea drilling operations with a paltry safety budget; tolerated various problems with the Deepwater Horizon drilling operation, including the blowout preventer not being in top condition; and even attracted the attention of U.S. lawmakers who tried to get the Minerals Management Service to take a hard look at the operation – back in February.
The aviation community knows that most bad accidents do not happen with no warning. Instead they are the dismal end of a chain of lesser things gone wrong: the accident chain. It can include worsening weather, a minor mechanical problem, a pilot having a head cold, even a pilot’s persistent intuition that something isn’t right. Smart pilots look out for accident chains. After one thing goes wrong they get very alert. After the second thing goes wrong, they stop the chain, e.g., by scrubbing the flight that day or if already up in the air making a beeline for the nearest airport. Many a life and airplane has been saved when a pilot recognized an accident chain in progress.
For the classic example of an accident chain allowed to run to its catastrophic conclusion, see the Titanic. And now Deepwater Horizon. Evidently that rig had an accident chain rivaling the one in Dickens’ Christmas Carol, the chain carried by Marley’s Ghost!